Parenthetical Citation / Parenthetical Reference

As you write your paper, you will be writing about things you read during research. Therefore, you will have to indicate in your text exactly where you found the information.  This can be done with parenthetical citations.  When you make reference to someone else's idea, either through paraphrasing or quoting them directly, you usually provide the author’s name and the page number of the work in the text of your paper.  In NoodleTools, use the “In-Text Reference”  link for assistance with determining what information should be included within the parentheses. 

An example of parenthetical citation:
Even today, many children are born outside the safety of hospitals (Kasserman 182).

This indicates that you are using information found on page 182 by an author whose last name is Kasserman.